The Spanish Jesuits were pioneers in the cultivation, transport and commercialization of yerba mate, although they preferred to drink it in tea bags and not with bombillas as the Guaraní did. Origin of Yerba Mate. They have a serrated margin. They also knew about its nutritional value and sometimes they chewed the leaves directly, like the Kaingang. At this time, mate became the major commodity in Paraguay. Mate is present in more than 90% of the Argentinean homes. Many origin myths for this plant have circulated, but all have a common theme around goodness and hospitality. Then the tribe left Yar, such was the name of the old man, in the company of his daughter Yori, who refused to abandon him. Yerba mate is grown in Argentina, Paraguay and southern Brazil, where the soil, temperature and humidity are ideal (read more about the production of yerba mate here). Today it is possible to enjoy the benefits of this natural infusion far beyond the continent: yerba mate can be ordered online and received throughout Europe and the United States (see store locator). They idolized it and believed that by drinking yerba mate, they were drinking the power of the jungle. Mate has a characteristic earthy taste with a surprising depth of flavors when steeped longer. But in order to understand its growing significance and transcendence, first we have to understand the history and origin of yerba mate. That is why at some point yerba mate came to be known as “The Jesuit tea”. They later discovered the secret: the seeds were pre-digested by toucans (tropical birds in Central and South America). Expired Yerba Mate? When the Spanish colonized South America, they learned the use and benefits of yerba mate from the Guarani, so it quickly gained great popularity. Soon, yerba mate was taken from its place of origin to all territories under Spanish rule. Overview Information Yerba mate is a plant. Yerba mate is undoubtedly one of the most surprising and pleasurable discoveries the South American continent has offered the world, and more and more benefits are being discovered in addition to its extensive list of already known advantages. During the long process of Argentina’s independence in the 19th century, the habit of drinking mate was strengthened in the country’s folklore. There is a great diversity of brands in the market, Las Marías being the leader (with its main brand Taragüi) with about 20% of the national market. Want to know how to get involved? Learn more about yerba mate at http://circleofdrink.com Although Argentina is the largest producer and exporter of yerba mate with 54% of the global market, it is currently gaining more and more popularity outside the limits of Latin America. The “gauchos” (a kind of Argentine cowboy) settled down throughout Argentina, as well as Uruguay, Paraguay, and southern Brazil, Chile and even Bolivia. Furthermore, drinking mate is a cultural affair and part of the lifestyle of the producing countries. Also, I will explain briefly how to prepare and drink yerba mate tea and how it affects your health. The first to cultivate yerba mate trees were the Jesuit missionaries who had yerba mate farms in around 1670. It happened that the stranger was the very “Tupá”, the good god, who wanted to give them a miraculous and permanent present. Yerba mate tea is infused in hot water and usually drank from a gourd. Yerba mate is a species of Illex with the botanical name Ilex paraguariensis. They considered the yerba tree a gift from the gods and eventually referred to yerba mate as a drink of the gods. Paka Paka (an argentine Kids TV Channel) made an excellent animated video that tells a version of this story. Mate, also spelled maté, also called yerba mate, Paraguay tea, or Brazilian tea, tealike beverage, popular in many South American countries, brewed from the dried leaves of an evergreen shrub or tree (Ilex paraguariensis) related to holly. Now you can enjoy the benefits of this natural drink outside Argentina. But its growing popularity strengthened throughout history thanks to its countless health benefits and its cultural significance. Beyond that calabaza (gourd, the summer squash used to drink mate) is a fruit that grows easily in the area where the Guarani lived, and that has perfect characteristics to take mate, we know a story, that explains why the shape of the calabaza in which the mate is usually consumed has many coincidences with the mystique of sharing and with the good emotional reputation of the infusion. Guaraní Tribe of Paraná of Northern Argentina and Tupi People of Southern Brazil consumed yerba mate as a part of their culture. According to the book “Caá Porã: The Spirit of Yerba Mate” published by Las Marías; the discovery of yerba mate can be attributed to the Kaingang ethnic group, who ate the raw leaves about 3000 years B.C. According to the National Institute of the Yerba Mate, an average of 100 liters of mate are consumed per year, per person, in Argentina. The history of yerba mate is vast and can be traced back to the semi-nomadic Guarani people of southern Brazil, northern Argentina and Paraguay who first harvested the leaves and twigs of this evergreen shrub. Yerba mate or yerba-maté (Ilex paraguariensis), from Spanish [ˈʝeɾβa ˈmate]; Portuguese: erva-mate, [ˈɛɾvɐ ˈmate] or [ˈɛɾvɐ ˈmatʃɪ]; Guarani: ka'a, IPA: [kaʔa], is a plant species of the holly genus Ilex native to South America.
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