red meat consumption in saudi arabia

A preliminary data analysis reveals that, in Saudi Arabia, the relative consumption of beef, chicken and fish has a positive growth, while lamb has a negative growth. than 1, indicating that beef and mutton are luxuries, and poultry and fish are necessities. Results shown that demand is responsive to prices and total expenditure on meat and fish. Accordingly, zero growth in the total meat and, What if the total meat and fish consumption grew, sponding to scenario (c) that the rate of growth in, the total consumption of the meat and fish group is, We evaluate the simulated consumption as before, year 2010 is 5.83, 42.24, 14.20 and 6.95 kg, respec-. To review New Zealand red meat and meat fat supply trends before and after the introduction of the Quality Mark standard. elastic and that for mutton and fish is price inelastic. As can be seen, on average, in a majority of the countries, beef and fish are, considered to be necessities (income elasticity less, than 1) while chicken and mutton are considered to, be luxuries (income elasticity greater than 1). In this article, we analysed the demand for beef, approach. Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The aim of this study was to estimate the EDI of these elements. The correct sign of price elasticity of red meat appeared in 1989 and 1990 for under and without structural change, respectively. if people in Najran city are at risk of defciency or excessive exposure to trace elements. In 2002, mince and sausages accounted for nearly half of beef fat sold as red meat. , Cu 1.65×10−3 During the, autonomous trend, income, own-prices and cross-, Growth in the meat and fish consumption and its, Now, we divide both sides of the demand system (1), price elasticities defined in (5). 3.31×10−2 for Red Meat in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using, Meat in Malaysia: An Application of the Almost Ideal. In Saudi Arabia, domestic food, production policy in recent years has given addi-, tional focus to attaining food security, which is, affected by the adverse climate and scarcity of, water in the Arabian Peninsula. ach. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Decomposition of changes in budget shares of beef, chicken, lamb and fish, Saudi Arabia, 1985-2010 (at the sample means). As for income effect analysis, any increase in income of UAE households in the future would make them proportionally allocate more of their income to the purchase of fish, camel, goat, and lamb. Intervention From September 1997, the red meat industry's Quality Mark required trimming of beef and lamb cuts to no more than 5 mm external fat. Lamb ensures food security, because it has valuable nutritional properties and health benefits. The most commonly isolated Salmonella serogroups were groups D (36.5%), C (23.5%), and B (11.7%). If Saudi consumers get an oppor-, tunity to spend another SR on meat and fish they, would allocate 11.1 cents on beef, 14.5 cents on, chicken, 62.1 cents on lamb and the remaining 12.3. lute value indicating that the demand for beef. Compared to other meat products, the results show that energy and protein received from camel The Saudi Arabia poultry market is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of 3.47% during the forecast period (2020-2025). coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The calculated ranges of EDIs (mg/kg bw/day) for from 5.3% in 1985 to 7.4% in 2005, but has fallen to, Within the group, the share of beef has increased, from 10.3% to 12.1%, chicken has increased from 22.6%, to 33.8% and fish from 11.2% to 13.5% at the expense of. This study was conducted to determine the pattern of antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species in a tertiary hospital from 2011 to 2018. As per the data cited by USDA and ITC Trade Map, in 2019, Saudi Arabia was the fifth-largest importer of broiler meat across the world. Review of trends in: per capita meat fat supply estimates from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); carcase and meat cut composition reports of knife dissection and chemical analyses; the fate of fat trim; and a Lincoln College study of home-cooked and trimmed beef. . * significant at the 5% level. At present the largest per capita consumers of chicken by weight of the countries featured here are Israel, the United States, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Australia. Background: Cancer incidence has continuously increased over the past few centuries and represents a major health burden worldwide. Saudi Arabia - Market OverviewSaudi Arabia - Market Overview Discusses key economic indicators and trade statistics, which countries are dominant in the market, the U.S. market share, the political situation if relevant, the top reasons why U.S. companies should consider exporting to this country, and other issues that affect trade, e.g., terrorism, currency devaluations, trade agreements. The percentage of the recommended daily allowance (RDA) derived from these foods were Adverse health effects associated with excessive consumption of red meat include increased risk for a variety of cancers, including colorectal, kidney, breast, stomach, esophageal, pancreatic, and prostate cancers. while it is a necessity for low-income households. They used both the static and dynamic, AIDS models for estimation. Different dynamic versions of the GADS (Generalized Addilog De-mand System) are specified and estimated. Fat received from camel meat consumption is more sensitive to prices and income This raises the possibility of Cu defciency in the These elasticities are key inputs for policy analysts in terms of devising policies in relation to meat production, meat imports, taxation and food security issues in Saudi Arabia. meat and chicken). Substitution effects are mainly present showing the strong competition among the several types of meats. have fallen, their relative consumption has increased. The study analysed three meat. The income elasticity for mutton (, negative indicating it as an inferior good. complexity of the system and branching connections, significant dependence of business stability and effectiveness on the efficiency of interaction of elements, high material consumption of the sector, vulnerability and high dependence on imported raw materials, as well as high and constant level of risk in the industry. Firstly, straint needs to be satisfied in terms of purchasing, all consumer goods. Per capita consumption of red meat in the U.S. 2015-2029; beef, chicken, lamb and fish, selected years, Saudi Arabia. Preference inde-, pendence means that the marginal utility of com-, Under preference independence, the Slutsky coeffi-, the reciprocal of the income elasticity of the mar-, is the Kronecker delta. The average relative price growth rates of beef, chicken and fish are negative, while that of lamb is positive. The present study aimed to investigate the fish consumption behavior and fish farming attitude in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with the following objectives: 1. The major contributors to this fall are the, chicken (0.069%) and fish (0.059%) and the direct, relative price (0.368%). The own-price elasticities are, beef, mutton, poultry and fish, implying that, demand for beef, mutton, poultry and fish is all, A more recent study by Dhraief, Oueslati, and, 504 households distributed equally among seven. chicken, lamb and fish have grown at a rate of 2.8%, 2.1%, 3.6% and 1.9% per annum, while the absolute, per capita consumption of beef and lamb has fallen, at a rate of 0.7% and 3.5% per annum, and that of, chicken and fish has increased at a rate of 0.9% and, 0.3% per annum. Considering the demand Equation 7, which we, If the simulated consumption log-change corre-, sponding to scenario (a) that there is no change in, Therefore, from Equations 10 and 11, we get, Next, using (12), we calculate the simulated con-, The simulated consumptions for beef, chicken, lamb, and fish, using Equations 12 and 13 together with the, consumption is also presented in columns (2), it can be seen that the simulated per capita consumption. –5.75×10−4 This project aims to analyse the consumption patterns of consumers in Asian countries and examine the similarities and disparities in consumption patterns across countries using a system-wide appro, The concept of food security emerged in the second half of the twentieth century and has been subject to evolution. Annual per capita red meat consumption in the U.S. fell 15% to 101 pounds in the past 10 years, according to … Estimators for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit, Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit. Between 1961 and 2002, meat consumption has seen a large increase virtually worldwide and a corresponding jump in its environmental impact. The relatively high cost of meat can prevent poor families living in developing countries from regularly buying and consuming it. ... 40,41 This observation is supported by the pattern of poultry consumption in KSA. Average absolute and relative prices and consumption growth rates, Saudi Arabia, 1985-2010. . GIL(*) ABSTRACT This paper provides an analysis of read meat, poultry and fish demand in Tunisia using multi-equational econometric systems with time series data. not been previously investigated for Najran city, Saudi Arabia. To determine future intentions of the respondents about fish farming in the study area. 3. (2015): Meat and fish consumption patterns in Saudi Arabia, Applied Economics, DOI: Meat and fish consumption patterns in Saudi Arabia, Saroja Selvanathan, E.A. Research demand model for four meat types (beef, mutton, chicken, turkey) and fish. It borders the Gulf (Arabia/Persian) on the east and the Red Sea on the west, and has coastlines of 2 640 km. U.A.E Red Meat Market Overview. Several scientific organizations from the G20 countries took part in the meeting, which was hosted by Saudi Arabia. All the, own-price elasticities, except for mutton, are nega-, tive and are less than 1 in the absolute value, indi-. During this year, around 41 kilograms of poultry were consumed per capita in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia has full self-sufficiency in at least three food products: dates, fresh milk and table eggs. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and fishing location. 2. The percentages (%) of provisional maximum tolerable daily intake Model selection tests showed that the differential inverse AIDS model and the inverse CBS model provided the best fit for the data. and Age Effects on Meat and Fish Demand in, International Journal of Food and Agricultural, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Agricultural Production Statistics. In addition to government subsidies, several other factors contributed to the growth of the Saudi food processing sector. The results show that beef, and fish are necessities and chicken is a luxury for, both types of consumers. Saudi Arabia: 44.6: 54.4: 54.05 ... Meat consumption per capita refers to the total meat retained for use in country per person per year. A total of 752 patients were included. This statistic shows the average annual prices for cooled and imported sheep meat in Saudi Arabia from 2009 to 2016, in Saudi riyals. As household size increases and the respondent is employed by public or private sectors his/her demand for camel meat increases. Selvanathan, Saad Albalawi and Moazzem Hossain, Griffith Business School, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia, The agricultural sector plays an important role in, domestic production and supports the national, economy strongly. Beef and chicken prices, have almost doubled, the price of lamb in 2010 was. Saudis have tradi-, tionally relied on lamb, goat, and camel meat for, their sustenance, however, the socioeconomic, changes over the last 50 years have impacted on, the meat consumption habits, where beef, chicken, and fish now constitute the main Arab diet. The demand for beef, and fish is price inelastic while that for mutton and, A preliminary analysis of the price and consump-, tion data reveals that while per capita beef consump-, tion is on a slow decline, the per capita lamb, consumption is falling at a faster rate and more, fish consumption has increased moderately, chicken, consumption has increased at a much faster rate, than fish. In this section, we present details of Saudi Arabia, The basic data for beef, chicken, lamb and fish, in, Saudi Arabia, used in this study are the consumption, ious issues of the Ministry of Agriculture, Saudi. The prices of beef and mutton have increased at, a faster rate compared to the price increases in, poultry and fish. study considered a number of meat types (beef, chicken, mutton, duck and rabbit) and fish and, estimated the income and price elasticities. The ranges of concentrations (mg/kg, wet weight) were as follows: Se at least 2.5 times higher than what it was in 1985; fish price has increased 1.5 half times during the, sample period. The shortage of arable land and water and rising food demand needs in the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) The own-price, meat is price inelastic and that for fish and poultry is, meat (beef, mutton and poultry) and fish in Tunisia, using the Generalized Addilog Demand System, (GADS) together with data for the period 1973, 1994. All the estimated own-price elasticities are less than, 1 in absolute value indicating that the demand for all, the above meat studies in relation to a number of. The fulfilled studies allow more precise approach to the use of enzyme preparations for the processing of basic raw materials by the meat industry. The highest EDI for Cu and Mn came from wheat. The own-price, elasticity for mutton is positive. Per capita meat consumption by country and region OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2017-2026 Over the ten-year Outlook period, agricultural markets are projected to remain weak, with growth in China weakening and biofuel policies having less impact on markets than in the past. (2015) mendapatkan bahwa di Australia, pangsa pengeluaran daging lebih dari separuh, dan selera konsumen memainkan peran penting dalam mengubah pola konsumsi daging, menjadi lebih banyak mengkonsumsi daging ayam dengan mengurangi konsumsi daging sapi. Centralised meat processing, and Quality Mark labelling since 1997, ensured fat was trimmed from beef and lamb cuts, and reduced saturated fat in red meats by 30%. – Full data are available upon request from the authors. SR denotes Saudi Riyal, which is the currency of Saudi Arabia. the foods that contributed the highest EDI were chicken and meat, respectively. The dish is prepared from beef or lamb, occasionally fish or chicken is used. - Saudi Arabia’s red meat market is flourishing and provides various opportunities for potential market entrants because of the heavy meat consumption by the heavily concentrated Muslim population in the region. Furthermore, according to the Ministry o, research studies that analyse meat and fish, 0.18, respectively. Saudi Arabia - Consumption Preliminary estimate shows contraction in GDP eases in Q3. The analysis indicates that Sri Lankan consumers allocate more than half of their income to food and nearly four fifths of their income to food, housing, and transport combined. Market shares of beef and fish were, stable and the share of chicken has increased at the, We tested the homogeneity, symmetry and pre-, ference independence hypotheses and found that all, three hypotheses were supported by the Saudi meat, and fish data. wheat, Zn in rice and both Mn and Cu in chicken. Meat consumption is measured in thousand tonnes of carcass weight (except for poultry expressed as ready to cook weight) and in kilograms of retail weight per capita. Actual and simulated consumption of beef, chicken, lamb and fish, Saudi Arabia, 1985. The estimated income, elasticities reveal that lamb, goat and camel are. Most of the esti-, mated cross-price elasticities are negative, indicating, a high level of complementarity between the differ-, Using time series data for the period 1982, for red meat (beef and lamb combined), chicken and, fish in Iran. Policymakers now need estimates of social welfare and market adjustments under alternative policies in order to select the most beneficial alternatives. education and age on meat and fish consumption. Lamb has become a rare product; hence its price has increased. This total growth is made up of the fol-, lowing: (1) autonomous trend, 0.86%; (2) income, components involving the own- and cross-prices, almost cancel out, with a strong negative income, component and a strong but less positive autono-, mous trend component as the two dominant com-, ponents, resulting in a negative overall growth in, beef consumption. In this regard, according to the Saudi Arabian Ministry of, Agriculture, the domestic poultry production had, exceeded 493 million hens in 2009, with the egg, production reaching 3473 million, in addition to, the 476 348 tons of chicken meat in specialist, projects, approximately 522 million meat chicks, are high consumers of poultry, consuming 41.6 kg, per capita of chicken annually against a world, average of only 12.5 kg (Global Poultry Trends, Commerce and Industry, the Saudi dairy produc-, tion was estimated to have produced more than, 1.508 billion litres of milk, while meat production. To examine the fish consumption pattern and preferences of Saudi households in the study area. As The Guardian recently reported, 52 billion chickens are slaughtered each year and this number is likely to rise as consumption increases in places such as China and India. from 2005 to 2013. Ministry of Trade & Industry statistical publications, and publications from the Food and Agriculture. –5.42×10−3 . In comparison, is larger than 1 in absolute value. Purpose: To evaluate the possible causal relationship between intake of red and processed meat and cancer mortality and incidence. This consumption is relatively different as regards to the economic factors (food expenditure and price). Lastly, we isolate food from the other commodity groups and analysed the demand for food in Asian countries employing the conditional demand models. The absolute, values of the own-price elasticity of poultry (, ing that the demand for poultry and mutton is price, elastic and the demand for beef and fish is price, inelastic. Similar situation was observed in the case of lamb imports. Red meat being auspicious meal to Muslims community, it has huge demand for its consumption specifically during festive. 2013. ... Alcohol consumption, salt consumption, red meat consumption and Aflatoxin contamination are considered as cancer risks . Consumption: Total Saudi wheat consumption in MY2016/17 is estimated at 3.550 million MT based on data provided by the Saudi Arabia Grains Organization (SAGO). A majority of the cross-price elasticities, are positive indicating that there is a great deal of, substitutability between beef, poultry, mutton and, AIDS model to estimate the demand for beef, mut-, ton, chicken, pork and fish in Malaysia. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. Food security involves governmental provision of appropriate food products that meet the needs of the population for quality nutrition and their availability for each member of society. The, major contributors for this increase are the shift in, consumer preferences towards beef (0.089%) and an, increase in the price of lamb (0.041%); its own-price, age, the budget share of chicken has increased by, 0.448% points per annum. 6.06)/6.06 = 54.3% higher than otherwise. . 2005. The capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors contribute to the food security of the Saudi population, although fish consumption is at about 13.5 kg/person/year (2013). The reliability of these elasticity estimates, and also the demand theory hypotheses, are investigated using simulation techniques. Security in quantitative terms, however, has improved. The results of this study highlight the need for an active monitoring system of antibiotic usage in humans and domestic animals. Selvanathan, S., and E. A. Selvanathan. The estimation of food consumption parameters using dynamic demand systems has gained in-creasing support as con-sumer behaviour is not sta-tic. The relative price of lamb has a positive growth and, lized demand systems in applied demand analysis has, elasticities for beef, chicken, lamb and fish, and pre-, The basic specification of the Rotterdam model for, Constraint (3) reflects the demand homogeneity, property of the demand system that postulates that, an equiproportionate change in all prices has no, effect on the demand for any good under the condi-, tion that the total meat and fish group consumption, The Slutsky coefficients are symmetric in, when the total meat and fish group consumption is, held constant, the effect of an increase in the price of. luxuries while beef, chicken and fish are necessities. Bangladesh Using the Almost Ideal Demand System. We evaluate the simulated consumption as before, consumption. In addition 96, thousand tons of fish and seafood production, This article presents an empirical analysis of the, demand for three types of meat, namely beef, lamb, and chicken, and fish in Saudi Arabia over the, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2015.1083081, Downloaded by [27.33.183.46] at 16:38 14 September 2015, sis. the essential elements were as follows: Se 9.55×10−5 income and price elasticities for beef, mutton, chicken and fish separately for high-income and, low-income households. Poultry and Fish in Tunisia: A Generalized Addilog. We also simulated per capita consumption expenditure of the eight commodities under various policy scenarios and found that income growth has played a significant role in Sri Lankan consumption patterns. Cross price, elasticity indicates goat and beef, goat and chicken, camel and beef, and camel and fish as complements; but chicken and camel as substitutes. The income elasticity of Marshallian and Hicksian elasticity calculated from the model were between 1 and -1 making the products less responsive to price changes. The small price elasticity is consistent with the traditions, includ- ing social and religion activities, of red meat consumption in Saudi Arabia. The estimated dietary intake (EDI) of essential elements selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn) and copper (Cu) has Jabarin estimated the income and price elasticities, for these four items. This underlying interrelationship between the, consumptions of the different types of goods, necessitates the study of all three meat items and. demand for camel meat, based on the linear AIDS model, shows that camel meat is an inferior The study also found that the demand for all items is, price elastic, while the demand for beef of high-, meat, poultry and fish in Saudi Arabia using the, LA-AIDS model for estimation. As. Secondly, in developing the demand equations, there are certain cross-equation restrictions arising, from consumption theories that necessitate the, utilization of a system of demand equations. The estimated, income elasticity for red meat is 1.10, for fish 0.90, and poultry 0.84, indicating that red meat is a luxury, and poultry and fish are necessities. Most of, the fall in the lamb expenditure share has been. The incidence of resistance of Salmonella to antibiotics is on the rise. ESTIMATION OF SCALE ELASTICITIES AND PRICE FLEXIBILITIES OF MEAT AND FISH IN SAUDI ARABIA, Pattern of increased antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates in the Eastern Province of KSA, Pola Permintaan Pangan Hewani di Indonesia, Smoked cooked meat as a risk factor for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A case control study among Saudi populations, Estimated dietary intake of essential elements from four selected staple foods in Najran City, Saudi Arabia, An Estimation of Expenditure, Own and Cross Price Elasticities of Meat in Pakistan, Consumption patterns in Sri Lanka: a decomposition analysis, Modelling the Demand for Meat in Bangladesh, Demand and nutrients elasticities of camel meat: An analysis of kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kahramanmaraş İli Kentsel Alanda Tüketicilerin Tavuk Eti Tüketim Tercihlerinin Belirlenmesi, DEMAND FOR RED MEAT, POULTRY AND FISH IN TUNISIA: A GENERALIZED ADDILOG DEMAND SYSTEM, INCOME, EDUCATION AND AGE EFFECTS ON MEAT AND FISH DEMAND IN TUNISIA. (PMTDI) for Se, Zn, Mn and Cu were 13%, 11%, 14% and 3.4%, respectively when contributions from all the four classes Countries where Muslims are the majority population; HI = high income; LI = low income. Griffith University, Nathan Campus, Australia, Arabia, and it effectively contributes to the, ). The relatively high cost of meat can prevent poor families living in developing countries from regularly buying and consuming it. supply of poultry meat and eggs. are satisfied by imports from different parts of the world, which accounted for 80% of the total food supply in U.A.E. The objective of this work is to analyze how these variables can affect the demand for meat and fish for Tunisian consumers. © 2003 by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. For fish, income (less negative) and autonomous, trend (more positive) are the dominant compo-, nents, resulting in a positive overall growth in, Components of growth in the consumption of item, Decomposition in the change in the budget shares, can be expressed as (see Clements and Johnson, is a remainder term of the third degree (see Theil, Equation 9 shows that the change in budget share, components, namely (1) autonomous trend compo-, The estimated values of these components at sam-, first row of the table, on average, the budget share of, beef has increased by 0.074% points per annum. The study used descriptive, tabular and graphical methods and the Pearson linear correlation coefficient. Ezedinma, C., P. Kormuwa, and J. Chianu. All rights reserved. The antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella species is increasing worldwide. Due to significant reduction in the number of animals of all categories, meat production also reduced. However, a total diet study and human biomonitoring study is needed in the future to fully assess Sementara, ... Daging sapi adalah komoditas mewah dan daging ayam adalah komoditas kebutuhan. The top GCC destination for Canadian meat in 2015 was Saudi Arabia with exports of US$17.3 million in 2015 (US$17.3 million as of October 2016), followed by the UAE with US$ 2.2 million in 2015 (US$2.3 million/October 2016),these exports were mostly made up of frozen boneless beef products. words, as the item subscripts can be interchanged, the substitution effects are symmetric in, the number of items in the meat and fish groups. As can be seen, within, the total meat group expenditure, the expenditure, share of beef and fish has remained stable at around, that of lamb has been on a steady decline. The study reported the income elasticity for, 1.39. tions and an increasingly urban lifestyle. In, we review a number of research studies that ana-, lyse the demand for meat products in countries, present the data sources and a preliminary data, analysis of Saudi Arabian meat and fish consump-, present the demand system for estimation and test, various demand theory hypotheses. Table 1 displays the total net changes in total water footprint, blue water footprint, energy use, and GHGE as a result of the recommended dietary changes, by food group (red meat, vegetables/beans, nuts/seeds, and fruits) across all MENA countries. The dietary habits of Saudis have changed, drastically due to improved socioeconomic condi-. To determine future intentions of the respondents about fish farming in the study area. The research period covered the time, The aim of the present article is to analyze the current state of the market of meat and meat products in Ukraine to identify major problems with consideration of the industry specifics. What if consumer preferences did not change? Summary of income and own-price elasticities of meat groups from previous studies: Muslim countries 1 . The results show that the demand for camel meat is price inelastic. This statistic shows the average annual prices for cooled and imported sheep meat in Saudi Arabia from 2009 to 2016, in Saudi riyals. All the own-price elasticities are, less than 1 in absolute value indicating that the, demand for beef, chicken, lamb and fish is all, from 29.3 kg in 1985 to 12.3 kg in 2010. The estimated income elastici-, ties of beef (1.64) and mutton (1.01) are greater than, 1 and for poultry (0.97) and fish (0.13) they are less. Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are the major customers within the region. This paper in this sense aims to provide a starting point for discus-sion an applied demand models in Tunisia. 2006. For testing, homogeneity, there are two tests available. It is assumed that the disturbance terms, mally distributed with zero means with a contem-, poraneous covariance matrix. Keywords: EDI, ICP-MS, Essential elements, Rice, Wheat, Meat, Chicken, Najran, Saudi Arabia. total meat and fish consumption (that is. , Zn 1.33×10−2 This paper uses the same data used by Albalawi (2015) and. (3) When combining effects (1) and (2), saturated fat per capita decreased: -27% in total food supply; -65% in red meat excluding tallow; -48% in red meat including tallow. The expenditure shares of beef, chicken and fish have increased while that of lamb has fallen. Methods We interviewed 10,735 Saudis aged 15 years or older (51.1% women) through a multistage survey. In order to investigate the consumption growth patterns, we decompose the growth in consumption and changes in budget shares of broad commodity groups into income, relative price and change in taste. Results from functional form tests indicate that the model in Error Correction Form fits better the da-ta and is used for red meat and fish demand analysis.

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